"The secret in education lies in respecting the student". Ralph Waldo Emerson


Early childhood is an important time of vast learning, growing and developing. During this time children acquire the ability to become independent from adult figures and gain the desire to become a part of social groups. By becoming their own individual they take strides and become independent in their learning. Children need to be able to participate at their own rate and personal ability level, by creating an individual approach rather than a whole group approach children will feel success and accomplishment in their learning and this will instill a love for learning and school.


Children learn…

  • Best when their physical needs are met and they feel psychologically safe and secure

  • To construct knowledge

  • Through social interaction with other adults and other children

  • Through play

  • Best when motivated

  • Best when development and learning are characterized by individual variation


Children are constantly learning through every day experiences and they are constructing their own knowledge and understanding of the world. It is important to be conscious of the whole learning environment such as time, utilizing classroom space (learning centers), resources, and ideas. Preschool is an important time to learn and develop life skills. At this age children are learning to be an individual as well as attaining social skills in order to be a successful part of a group setting. It is important to display a diverse curriculum to encourage non-stereotypical experiences so that children gain an appreciation of our society. The foundation of our curriculum is to teach children everyday morals such as, respect for themselves and others, resolving conflict, decision making and maintaining healthy relationships. To attain this goal we have several major components to our curriculum, which are listed below.

Areas Of Development

Physical Development: Preschool children are constantly on the go developing their large and small motor skills.

Emotional Development: Preschool children are becoming aware of their feelings towards others and other peoples feelings towards themselves. They are developing a sense of belonging to family, friends and their community.

Cognitive Development: Preschool children are becoming active learners who learn best through play and first hand experiences. They become curious of the world around them and their language and problem-solving skills begin to flourish immensely.

Social Development: Preschool children are beginning to understand the concept that their peers have feelings and often show compassion towards each other. They are learning how to share and take turns developing friendships.

Learning Objectives



  • During early childhood children begin to speak and understand language. They start participating in conversations and forming sentences. Questions become more apparent in their quest of learning language. Children will be able to follow instructions, convey thoughts, tell stories, sing songs and begin to understand the concept of the alphabet and writing. In order to grasp language it is important to develop listening skills, introduce vocabulary, letter recognition, rhymes, songs, letter sounds (phonics), whole language (labeled classrooms), and most importantly social interaction



  • Reading is the window that opens up the doors to all areas of development.  In order for a child to develop an interest and love for reading it is important to lead by example and show them your love for reading.  Reading to children is one of the most important ways to encourage children to read.  It is also an opportunity to teach them many different things about our world.  By keeping a variety of books in the school and in the classroom children have many options of books to choose from, maintaining their interest.  It is important to let them choose books that they are interested in and to let them read their favorites again and again.  Reading is one of the most important parts of our program and the children are read to several times a day.



  • Writing is a skill that is learned primarily through small motor activities.  Activities in the classroom such as, crayons, markers, pencils, paint brushes, play-doh, tearing, scissors, puzzles, tweezers …etc, are developed so that children can improve their fine motor abilities. 


  • Math is taught through play and is seen daily in learning centers.  Activities consist of:  classifying, sorting comparing, graphing, differences, measuring, building, shapes, tracing, large-small, number recognition and meaning, same and opposite, patterns, constructing, counting, and time concept.


  • Although children wonder, explore and question our environment they do not yet have the ability to think abstractly; therefore, children need hands on experience for them to grasp the concept of science.  When children are taught science through the five senses they begin to ask questions, observe, develop critical thinking skills, making predictions and experiment.


  • Cooking with children is a fun way to have the children try foods that they normally wouldn’t be interested in and also to teach about nutrition.  Cooking can also help develop essential skills such as math, language, measuring, counting, following directions, vocabulary, sequence, problem solving and science. 


  • Art encourages children to explore and to use their imagination.  It is important to realize that the whole process that goes on while creating art is more important than the end product.  Art develops children in all major areas.  Children learn from creative experiences: to be an individual, sensory, fine motor, eye-hand coordination, color, size, formation, sharing, problem solving and decision making.


  • Music develops a child’s physical, cognitive and emotional well-being.  Through song young children develop vocally.  Music also develops children’s listening skills and they are able to differentiate between different genders, tones, rhythms, instruments, and so on.  Music also encourages a child to move creating body awareness and expressive motion. 


  • A child’s family, school, and home life are a very important part of their life, making it natural for a child to imitate what they know.  Children act out the world around them and explore people by acting out their work, feelings and their words.  By playing dramatically children are able to encounter situations that they may not understand and are able to develop their problem solving skills and gain new knowledge. 


  • Motor skills are the physical abilities children develop that help them control the movements of their bodies.  Both skills are encouraged inside the classroom and outdoors at the school.  There are many opportunities for the children to develop their large muscles such as reaching, crawling, walking, climbing, throwing, running, skipping, galloping, etc…  There are many opportunities for the children to develop their fine motor as well, such as, eye hand coordination, self-feeding, buttoning, zipping, manipulative toys, etc…

Importance Of Play

Play enhances language development, social behavior, creativity, imagination and thinking skills. During play children have the chance to practice what they already know and the time to develop new skills.


Five Types of Play:

  • Onlooker behavior: Playing passively by watching or conversing with other children engaged in play activities.

  • Solitary independent: Playing by oneself.

  • Parallel: Playing, even in the middle of a group, while remaining engrossed in one’s own activity. Children playing parallel to each other sometimes use each other’s toys, but always maintain their independence.

  • Associative: When children share materials and talk to each other, but do not coordinate play objectives or interest.

  • Cooperative: When children organize themselves into roles with specific goals in mind (roles of doctor, nurse…etc).

© 2014 by Puffin's Learning Academy